WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO HAVE PAIN?
Pain can take in many forms, whether a simple head ache, minor burn, or mild to severe long lasting prick or tingle of your back. Pain happens when nerves that are called nociceptors detect tissue damage. These nerves then send signals along the spinal cord to the brain to pass on information about the actual or potential tissue damage. The moment this information is transmitted into the brain, the brain then decides what to do about the pain. Pain also acts as body’s defense mechanism by warning us to take action to prevent further tissue damage.
There are three types of pain: acute pain and chronic pain. Acute pain is often caused by a disease, injury, or inflammation. It can be diagnosed and treated and is usually only lasts for a short time. Acute pain is often a signal that your body has been injured. On the other hand, pain that lasts for 3 months or longer is called chronic pain. Chronic pain occurs for a long time which can be mild or severe and it can be continuous or intermittent. Chronic pain is considered a health condition in itself and sometimes can also occur without any indication of an injury or illness. In some situations, acute pain becomes chronic pain that can last for months or even years. On the other hand, psychosomatic pain originates from emotional stress or anxiety and progresses with physical symptoms when a person’s immune system is compromised due to stress. In simpler terms, psychosomatic pain refers to real physical symptoms that are caused by the mind. Often psychosomatic pain is caused by underlying emotions such as grief, stress, and anxiety that can all present themselves in physical ways.